Plain Language Summaries: Literacy in Canada - Disparity Between Francophones and Anglophones (2008)

This document is part of a National Adult Literacy Database (NALD) project, funded by the Canadian Council on Learning (CCL), aimed at providing straightforward summaries of research documents available from Statistics Canada.

The authors of this summary examine a study of data from the 1994 International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) and the 1989 Survey of Literacy Skills Used in Daily Activities (LSUDA). The study confirms that the differences in literacy skill observed between Canada’s Anglophone and Francophone adults can be explained by differences in their demographic characteristics.

The study also explores whether these relationships differ by province, including whether living in a majority situation helps to reduce the size of the observed gap in performance.

The analyses showed that substantial differences exist between Quebec Francophones, who are living in a majority situation, and Francophones outside Quebec, who are a minority group. However, the gaps in average literacy scores between Quebec Francophones and Anglophones in Canada as a whole disappear once the researchers control for the effect of such key factors as education, age, and daily practices with respect to writing and numeracy.

The authors note that the situation is quite different with respect to New Brunswick Francophones. Even when all the variables that might explain the disparities between the two linguistic groups in that province are accounted for, a substantial portion of the gap remains.

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Added: 
2012-10-22
APA citation
T. Scott Murray and James E. Page. Plain Language Summaries: Literacy in Canada - Disparity Between Francophones and Anglophones 2008. Web. 9 Aug. 2020 <http://en.copian.ca/library/research/dispar/english/summary/disparity.pdf>
T. Scott Murray & James E. Page (2008). Plain Language Summaries: Literacy in Canada - Disparity Between Francophones and Anglophones. Retrieved August 9, 2020, from http://en.copian.ca/library/research/dispar/english/summary/disparity.pdf
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