Formal, Non-formal and Informal Learning in the Sciences (2010)

This report looks at both the links and the differences between formal, non-formal and informal learning, with particular reference to the field of science and engineering in Canada and the United States.

The authors describe formal learning as intentional, organized and structured, while non-formal learning is more loosely organized. Informal learning is described as experiential and spontaneous, and would include things like learning from a co-worker on the job.

The authors draw from research in the fields of education, sciences, and engineering, as well as a number of government documents.

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2013-02-19
APA citation
Sarah Elaine Eaton and Heather L. Ainsworth. Formal, Non-formal and Informal Learning in the Sciences 2010. Web. 24 Oct. 2020 <http://en.copian.ca/library/research/eaton/sciences/sciences.pdf>
Sarah Elaine Eaton & Heather L. Ainsworth (2010). Formal, Non-formal and Informal Learning in the Sciences. Retrieved October 24, 2020, from http://en.copian.ca/library/research/eaton/sciences/sciences.pdf
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