The Situation of Official-Language Minorities in the Labour Market (2012)

This Statistics Canada analysis is based on information from the Labour Force Survey carried out in March 2012, which for the first time included questions designed to identify language characteristics of workers.

According to the data collected, Francophones in Canada posted an unemployment rate of 8.3 percent, higher than the national average of 7.7 percent. That month, the unemployment rate among Anglophones was 7.4 percent, slightly below the national average.

The author points out that this difference is more a reflection of the distribution of Francophones and Anglophones in Canada than a lower level of performance in the labour market by a particular language group. At the provincial level, the situation for Francophones is similar to, or even better than, that for Anglophones, except in New Brunswick.

Overall, the unemployment rate for Francophones living outside Quebec was similar to that of Anglophones, at 7.5 percent versus 7.3 percent. However, the employment rate for Francophones, at 58.5 percent, was lower than that for Anglophones, 62.4 percent.

In Quebec, the employment and unemployment rates of the English-speaking minority did not differ from that of the Francophone population.

Across Canada, 18 percent of Francophones who are employed earn $1,200 per week or more, compared with 24 percent of Anglophones. The author notes that once again, this has less to do with a disadvantage for Francophones in the labour market than the fact that the latter are concentrated in eastern Canada, where wages are lower than in the western provinces.

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APA citation
Jean-François Lepage. The Situation of Official-Language Minorities in the Labour Market 2012. Web. 2 Dec. 2022 <>
Jean-François Lepage (2012). The Situation of Official-Language Minorities in the Labour Market. Retrieved December 2, 2022, from
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