Unemployment Dynamics Among Canada's Youth (2013)

Analytical Paper

The author of this article uses data from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey, gathered between 1977 and 2012, to analyze the differences between youth and adults in terms of unemployment inflow and outflow rates. Unemployment inflow rates provide information on the incidence of unemployment, while unemployment outflow rates provide information on the duration of unemployment.

The analysis shows that there are marked differences in the incidence and duration of unemployment between youth and adults. Youth spend less time unemployed than adults, in part because they are more inclined to leave the labour force in order to return to full-time education, and in part because they are more likely than unemployed adults to find a job within a short time.

The gap in unemployment rates of youth and adults is due more to the higher unemployment inflow rates among youth, a phenomenon linked largely to their higher risk of layoff and their periodic departures from the labour force to attend school full-time, the author says. Their higher risk of layoff is explained in large part by their lower seniority with employers.

He goes on to point out that having a job does not mean that that job is well paid or that it matches the competencies acquired through education.

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APA citation
André Bernard. Unemployment Dynamics Among Canada's Youth 2013. Web. 17 Jan. 2021 <http://en.copian.ca/library/research/statistics_canada/unemployment_dynamics/unemployment_dynamics.pdf>
André Bernard (2013). Unemployment Dynamics Among Canada's Youth. Retrieved January 17, 2021, from http://en.copian.ca/library/research/statistics_canada/unemployment_dynamics/unemployment_dynamics.pdf
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