Employment and Education Among Aboriginal Peoples: A New Perspective from the 2011 National Household Survey (2013)

TD Economics Special Report

This report examines data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) suggesting that the labour market and income gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in Canada continue to persist.

Worse still, the progress made since 1996 in closing those employment gaps has stagnated since the 2006 census, the authors note. The income data from the NHS also suggest that the earnings gap between the two groups remains persistent.

Improving educational outcomes within Aboriginal communities is a critical tool in addressing these disparities, and the data show that higher levels of Aboriginal educational attainment do translate into higher income levels and better labour market outcomes. However, the proportion of the Aboriginal population who have attained postsecondary education is still low, and progress on closing the gap is slow.

Recent job growth in the Aboriginal labour market has been strongest in the resource extraction and construction industries. While wages are above average, the authors note that employment in these industries can be volatile.

They also point out that a high proportion of Aboriginal people with postsecondary credentials are working in jobs related to the public sector. While that is not a negative outcome in itself, the overrepresentation in these industries could point to barriers faced in finding employment in the broader labour market.

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2014-02-21
APA citation
Sonya Gulati and Francis Fong. Employment and Education Among Aboriginal Peoples: A New Perspective from the 2011 National Household Survey 2013. Web. 5 Aug. 2020 <http://en.copian.ca/library/research/td/employ_edu_aboriginal/employ_edu_aboriginal.pdf>
Sonya Gulati & Francis Fong (2013). Employment and Education Among Aboriginal Peoples: A New Perspective from the 2011 National Household Survey. Retrieved August 5, 2020, from http://en.copian.ca/library/research/td/employ_edu_aboriginal/employ_edu_aboriginal.pdf
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