NALS Raises Vital Equity Issues (1994)

This article is a summary of Stephen Reder's panel presentation at the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's Twenty-third Annual Legislative Weekend on September 16, 1993 in Washington, DC. The National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) from 1992 involved a random sample of about 26,000 adults in the United States. The NALS reported that 75-80% of Black adults in the US are functioning at the two lowest proficiency levels, compared to 38-43% of White adults. Correspondingly higher concentrations of non-employment, low income, poverty, welfare utilization, and incarceration are found among Black adults in these data as well.

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Stephen Reder. NALS Raises Vital Equity Issues 1994. Web. 6 Feb. 2023 <>
Stephen Reder (1994). NALS Raises Vital Equity Issues. Retrieved February 6, 2023, from
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