Catching Up with the Swedes (2001)

Probing the Canada-Sweden Literacy Gap

Among 12 countries that participated in the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), Sweden had the lowest incidence of low literacy skills, while Canada ranked around the middle with a low literacy rate double that of Sweden.

The objective of this study is to find out what factors account for the wide Canada-Sweden literacy gap, and what lessons can be learned from such a comparison that may help reduce the incidence of low literacy skills in Canada.

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APA citation
Constantine Kapsalis. Catching Up with the Swedes 2001. Web. 5 Mar. 2021 <>
Constantine Kapsalis (2001). Catching Up with the Swedes. Retrieved March 5, 2021, from
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