VESL for Victory and Independence (2007)

Sticht looks at how the U.S. Army taught English language instruction and vocational training concurrently to immigrants during World Wars I and II, and how similar training continues today.

"Today, many programs for those learning the English language follow a similar approach to that of the Army in World Wars I and II and embed or integrate the teaching of English within the functional context of vocational training. These VESL (Vocational English as a Second Language) programs continue to help thousands of non-English speaking immigrants achieve social and economic freedom and independence in their newly chosen homeland."

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APA citation
Thomas G. Sticht. VESL for Victory and Independence 2007. Web. 1 Dec. 2022 <>
Thomas G. Sticht (2007). VESL for Victory and Independence. Retrieved December 1, 2022, from
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