Essential Skills Survey of Renfrew County (2009)

This survey was carried to determine why workers affected by plant closures and layoffs in Ontario’s Renfrew County weren’t enrolling in programs offered by the area’s literacy and basic skills (LBS) agencies.

The survey showed that participants who have completed high school may still need further upgrading, especially if they are moving into other careers or seeking higher education; they are frustrated by the lack of coordinated services; and they are not aware that literacy and essential skills training are available, free of charge, in the community.

The authors have included the survey questions and a summary of responses.

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APA citation
Lee Torvi and Gary Johnston. Essential Skills Survey of Renfrew County 2009. Web. 29 Nov. 2022 <>
Lee Torvi & Gary Johnston (2009). Essential Skills Survey of Renfrew County. Retrieved November 29, 2022, from
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